Unified Mahjong Terminology

Every time a new mahjong site pops it, it seems a new set of terminology is invented. To stop confusion we at Osamuko have created a new set of terminology for Japanese Mahjong. We will be updating all our posts with it in the coming years. We hope that other sites will also use it, but they probably won’t. Below is the list in Kanji – Romaji – UMT order

吃 – チー – chi – eat
碰 – ポン – pon – bump
槓 – カン – kan – bar
栄 – ロン – ron – glory

立直 – riichi – stand straight
七対子 – chiitoitsu – seven pairs
流し満貫 – nagashi mangan – drained slam
門前清自摸和 – menzenchintsumohou – doorfront pure self pick win
一発 – ippatsu – one shot
海底撈月 – haiteiraoyue – pull moon from the bottom of the sea
河底撈魚 – houteiraoyui – pull fish from the bottom of the river
嶺上開花 – rinshankaihou – flower blooms on mountaintop
搶槓 – chankan – snatched bar
双立直 – daabururiichi – double stand straight
平和 – pinfu – flat win
一盃口 – iipeikou – one cup mouth
三色同順 – sanshokudoujun – three colors same arrangement
一気通貫 – ikkitsuukan – one breath pierce through
二盃口 – ryanpeikou – two cup mouths
対々和 – toitoihou – matched win
三暗刻 – sanankou – three hidden quarters
三色同刻 – sanshokudoukou – three colors same quarter
三槓子 – sankantsu – three bars
断么九 – tanyaochuu – snapped terminals
役牌 – yakuhai – position tiles
混全帯么九 – hunchantaiyaochuu – mixed all carrying terminals
純全帯么九 – junchantaiyaochuu – pure all carrying terminals
混老頭 – honroutou – mixed old men
小三元 – shousangen – small three origins
混一色 – honiisou – mixed one color
清一色 – chiniisou – pure one color
国士無双 – kokushimusou – patriot without parallel
国士無双13面 – kokushimusoujuusanmen – patriot without parallel 13 faces
四暗刻 – suuankou – four hidden quarters
四暗刻単騎 – suuankoutanki – four hidden quarters single mount
大三元 – daisangen – big three origins
小四喜 – shousuushi – small four happinesses
大四喜 – daisuushi – big four happinesses
字一色 – tsuuiisou – characters one color
清老頭 – chinroutou – pure old men
緑一色 – ryuuiisou – green one color
九蓮宝燈 – chuurenpoutou – nine lotuses and treasured lanterns
純正九蓮宝燈 – junseichuurenpoutou – perfect nine lotuses and treasured lanterns
四槓子 – suukantsu – four bars
天和 – tenhou – heavenly win
地和 – chihou – earthly win

3 thoughts on “Unified Mahjong Terminology

  1. Happy 1st of April.
    You missed out;
    tsumo
    oya
    chombo
    tonpuusen
    hanchan
    ryuukyouku
    dora
    kan dora
    ura
    aka
    renchan
    shanpon/shabo
    penchan
    ryanmen
    kanchan
    tanki
    mangan
    haneman
    baiman
    sanbaiman
    yakuman
    kazoe
    sufurendan
    suji
    genbutsu
    orasu
    daburu ton
    daburu nan
    han
    fu
    tenpai
    noten
    kamicha
    shimocha
    toimen
    buttobi
    etc.

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